Configure OpenStack Project in the Horizon Dashboard

This tutorial will help you configure your Public Cloud Project (OpenStack Tenant) on CinderCloud hosting in the Horizon Dashboard.


Note: This procedure utilizes the Horizon Dashboard, if you prefer working with Command Line Interface (CLI), please refer to the manual: Access your OpenStack Project using Command-Line Interface


 

Log in to the Client Area

Log in to the Dashboard with your username and password. Optionally, you can sign in using Google or Facebook account.

 

Select your Project

Click on the Services tile and locate your Project:

my-services-pc.png

Click on the selected Project, next in the Product Details page, click on the Log In To Panel tile:

OpenStack Horizon Dashboard

You will be redirected to the OpenStack Horizon dashboard.

 

Log in to the Horizon

Log in to the Horizon dashboard using your credentials (from the Product Details page):

OpenStack Horizon Dashboard

Right after logging in you should see the dashboard with the project overview:

OpenStack Project Overview

Configure Network in your Project

Each OpenStack project in Public Cloud is assigned at least one public Floating IP in Floating-IP network.

You can check the Floating-IP network available for your project in the Project -> Network -> Network Topology tab:

CinderCloud OpenStack Floating IP network

In order to obtain access to the external/public Floating-IP network, you need to create a router.

Go to the Project -> Network -> Routers tab and click on the Create Router button in the right-upper corner of the dashboard.

Type router details:

  • Router Name: my-router
  • Enable Admin State: Enabled
  • External Network: select available Floating-IP network from the drop-down menu
  • Availability Zone Hints: nova

CinderCloud Create OpenStack router

Now create a private network for your future Instances (Virtual Machines) in order to let them communicate with each other within your Project.

Go to the Project -> Network -> Networks tab and click on the Create Network in the right-upper corner of the dashboard.

In the Network tab type the network details:

  • Network Name: my-private-net
  • Enable Admin State: Enabled
  • Create Subnet: Enabled
  • Availability Zone Hints: nova

CinderCloud OpenStack create private network

Click on the Next button.

In the Subnet tab type the subnet details:

  • Subnet Name: my-private-subnet
  • Network Address: 192.168.1.0/24 (example)
  • IP Version: IPv4
  • Gateway IP: 192.168.1.1 (this parameter is mandatory if you want your private network to have the access to the internet via a router)
  • Disable Gateway: Disabled

CinderCloud OpenStack create subnet

Click on the Next button.

In the Subnet Details tab set:

  • Enable DHCP: Enabled
  • Allocation Pools: optional
  • DNS Nameservers: optional
  • Host Routes: optional

CinderCloud OpenStack create subnet

Click on the Create button.

You have created your private network based on the IPv4 subnet, now it's time to attach your private network to the router.

Go back to the Project -> Network -> Routers tab and click on your router:

CinderCloud OpenStack create router

Now click on the Interfaces tab, next click on the Add Interface button:

CinderCloud OpenStack add interface to router

In the Add Interface window set:

  • Subnet: my-private-net (192.168.1.0/24)
  • IP Address: 192.168.1.1 (this is a gateway IP address in our private network)

CinderCloud OpenStack add internal interface

Click on the Submit button.

Now go to the Project -> Network -> Network Topology tab and verify your network configuration.

CinderCloud OpenStack network topology

Your private network should now be connected to the external/public Floating IP network via your router.

 

Allocate Floating IP to your Project

You will need external Floating IP to get to your Project private networks from the internet.

In order to allocate a Floating IP to your Project proceed to the Project -> Network -> Floating IP tab and click on the Allocate IP To Project button:

CinderCloud.com OpenStack allocate IP to project

In the Allocate Floating IP window set:

  • Pool: floating-ip-net (available Floating IP network name may vary across different Projects)
  • Description: optional (for your reference)

CinderCloud.com OpenStack allocate floating IP to project

Next click on the Allocate IP button.


Note: available Floating IP quota in your pool depends on the IP amount you have chosen upon your purchase order. Currently, our Public Cloud hosting plans support up to four IPv4 addresses.


 

Create a Security Group

All projects in OpenStack have a default security group which is applied to any instance that has no other defined security group. Unless you change the default, this security group denies all incoming traffic and allows only outgoing traffic to your instance. In this tutorial, we create our own security group (recommended approach) and assign appropriate rules to the group.

In order to allow our future Instances to communicate with the internet, we will allow ICMP Echo (ping) and SSH traffic in both directions, that is inbound and outbound traffic.

 

Go to the Project -> Network -> Security Groups tab and click on the Create Security Group button:

CinderCloud.com OpenStack create security group

In the Create Security Group window set:

  • Name: my-sec-grp (example)
  • Description: optional (for your reference)

CinderCloud.com OpenStack create security group

Click on the Create Security Group button.

Now let's assign additional rules to our Security Group, to allow Ping and SSH traffic.

Go back to the Project -> Network -> Security Groups tab, choose your newly created Security Group on the list, and click on the Manage Rules button:

CinderCloud.com OpenStack manage sec grp rules

In the Manage Security Group Rules section, click on the Add Rule button:

CinderCloud.com OpenStack sec grp add rule

First, create a rule to allow inbound ICMP traffic:

CinderCloud.com OpenStack allow inbound ICMP

Click on the Add button.

Next, create a rule to allow outbound ICMP traffic:

CinderCloud.com OpenStack allow outbound ICMP

Click on the Add button.

Now, create a rule to allow SSH inbound traffic:

CinderCloud.com OpenStack allow inbound SSH traffic

Click on the Add button.

Finally, create a rule to allow SSH outbound traffic:

CinderCloud.com OpenStack allow outbound SSH traffic

Click on the Add button.

The whole set of our rules should now look like the below:

CinderCloud.com OpenStack security group rules

 

Upload Image to your Project

Before you create your first Instance, you need a working OpenStack QCOW2 / RAW image with cloud-init.

In order to upload the image proceed to the Project -> Compute -> Images tab and click on the Create Image button:

CinderCloud.com OpenStack create image

In the Create Image window, in the Image Details tab set mandatory parameters:

  • Image Name: pick a name for your image
  • File: browse your PC for the OpenStack image (we use Cirros image here)
  • Format: QCOW2 (QEMU Emulator)
  • Visibility: Private (this option restricts the image to your Project only)
  • Protected: yes | no (this option protects your image from accidental removal)

CinderCloud.com OpenStack create cirros image

Next click on the Create Image button.

Your new image should now appear on the list:

CinderCloud.com OpenStack glance image

 

Launch an Instance (Virtual Machine)

Finally, we can launch our first Instance, connect it to our private network and assign Floating IP to let us access our Instance from the internet.

Proceed to the Project -> Compute -> Instances tab and click on the Launch Instance button:

CinderCloud.com OpenStack launch Instance


Note: some of the Instance details are optional, so for the sake of simplicity, in this tutorial we will create our Instance with the mandatory parameters only. 


In the Launch Instance window, in the Details tab set Instance basic information:

  • Instance Name: type name for your new instance
  • Description: optional
  • Availability Zone: nova
  • Count: 1 (for demonstration purposes we create here only one Instance)

CinderCloud.com OpenStack set instance details

In the Source tab set:

  • Select Boot Source: Image
  • Create New Volume: Yes (do not change it unless you know what you are doing, if you choose No here, your Instance will be ephemeral, that is, it will not have access to the persistent storage)
  • Volume Size (GB): set your preferred capacity (the capacity of your volume must be equal or bigger than the flavor you are going to use in the next step)
  • Delete Volume on Instance Delete: No (if you set Yes here, your volume will be deleted along with the Instance upon its deletion)
  • Allocated: cirros-0.5.1 (allocate here your previously uploaded image)

CinderCloud.com OpenStack choose Instance source

In the Flavor tab pick your preferred flavor from the list:

  • Allocated: 1-1 (1vCPU, 1GB RAM, 1GB HDD - disk capacity for this flavor must not exceed the volume size you have chosen in the previous step)

CinderCloud.com OpenStack choose Instance Flavor

In the Networks tab pick your private network from the list:

  • Allocated: my-private-net (avoid connecting your Instance directly to the Floating IP (external) network here, unless you don't want it to be exposed to the internet, you will connect your Instance to the external network via your router in the next step)

CinderCloud.com OpenStack attach Instance to private network

In the Security Groups tab pick your security group from the list:

  • Allocated: my-sec-grp

CinderCloud.com OpenStack assign security group

You have accomplished the mandatory (basic) configuration required to launch your new Instance.

Now click on the Launch Instance button to start your Instance.


Note: creating an Instance may take a while, depending on the size of the image you have chosen to create your Instance on.


Your newly created Instance should appear on the Instance list:

CinderCloud.com OpenStack Instance list

Your Instance is not accessible from the internet yet, you need to associate a Floating IP with your Instance in order to make it accessible from the public network.

 

Associate Floating IP

In order to associate a Floating IP with an existing Instance, go back to the Project -> Compute -> Instances tab, locate your Instance from the list, and choose the Associate Floating IP option from the Actions drop-down menu:

CinderCloud.com OpenStack associate Floating IP

In the Manage Floating IP Associations window assign:

  • IP Address: choose an available Floating IP address from the drop-down menu
  • Port to be associated: choose an internal IP of your Instance

CinderCloud.com OpenStack assign Floating IP

Your Instance has now Floating IP assigned:

CinderCloud.com OpenStack Floating IP assigned

 

Connect to your Instance

Now you can test SSH connectivity to your Instance from the internet using the assigned Floating IP address:

CinderCloud.com OpenStack connect to your Instance

 

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